Here are a few baby pictures of Johnny
It has been a rainy windy day. I waited for a break between the squalls and then went to fetch Johnny. When he saw me coming he trotted to me and stuck his nose in the bosal. There were no preliminaries, no round pen. I saddled, lounged and rode right off down the road. We trotted, walked and practiced halts. Toward the end of our ride, he was starting to anticipate my cues already becoming lighter. Once when I asked him to stand for the 15 to 30 seconds after a halt he had a little tantrum by shaking his head and rearing.
A horse learns by repetition same as us. Sometimes they lapse sometimes the rebel, but with steady repetition they learn. It is a kind of physical memory like a typist typing, not like a scientist compiling data and then drawing conclusions. However, every-so-often they surprise you by showing some levels of reasoning ability, for instance unlocking a gate.